Materials end-of-life

Ixellion Waste-to-Energy

Waste management is a global problem, particularly that of non-recyclable materials. Urban communities, industrial plants and agricultural sites dispose of their waste at high cost and with solutions that are hardly ever friendly to the environment. Waste transportation is top of the line on the list of costs and has a great impact on greenhouse emissions. Ixellion believes that waste management is a priority that must be tackled leveraging the most advanced technology while respecting the environment. For this reason, in 2018 Ixellion bought Ki Energy, an innovative start-up envisioning the future of energy and waste made of small plants, close to waste producers, serving a community of energy consumers.

Ki Energy, Ixellion Waste to Energy Operative Company

Ki Energy’s technological know-how enables the miniaturization of Fluidized Bed Combustors and can operate them with different kinds of fuel thanks to customized protocols, allowing the treatment of every fuel type according to its chemical characteristics and humidity level.

Ixellion-Ki Energy Technology

Fluidized Bed Combustion is a chemical process that can guarantee the cleanest emissions, thanks to an optimal management of the burning temperature and to a no-flame combustion. In addition, this vertical process has different areas of temperature where each of the pollutants (NOx, PM10 etc.) can be managed in an optimized way. The addition of chemicals is also used to control emissions, while mixing other materials -– such as dolomite and olivine -– allows the reduction of Nitrogen Oxides below 150 mg/Nm3. Bag filters capture the solids at the end of the process.

The combustor is equipped with sensors that guarantee the emissions are always outperforming the strictest legal requirements, in any legislation. Since a fluidized bed is inherently the cleanest combustion system, emissions can be adapted to any national emission standard with a lower investment and lower maintenance costs compared to other devices.

Ixellion-Ki Energy Plants Configuration

Ki Energy’s plants can treat different types of waste, such as animal manure, sewage sludges, urban waste, bituminous sands, tires, agricultural waste, butchery remains, pharmaceutical sludge, mattresses, wood chips, green cuttings, leachate, hospital waste, paper mill pulper, etc. A Ki Energy plant is ideally built close to or within the premises of each waste-intense activity and can be coupled with solar or wind power systems to balance day and night energy demand.

Ki Energy’s business model is to use its proprietary technology to install waste-to-energy plants close to waste producers and to sell them waste disposal and energy production services. KI Energy’s team installed eight “proof of concept” plants, currently operating in Italy, Ireland, Portugal and Brazil, that are already delivering excellent performances in terms of costs and profitability.

Fluidized Bed Combustor

  • Pleasant architectural impact
  • Clean emissions and leftover
  • Fuel flexibility
Leftover
ashes with characteristics allowing their use in cement and ceramic industry, road filling, etc… without concern for leaching

Temperature of combustion
850°C at furnace level, 1000°C at freeboard level

Timing
around 1 year from order confirmation, depending on legal authorizations and turbine availability

Scalability
up to 25 MWe

Fluidized Bed Gasifier

  • Efficient
  • Pleasant architectural impact
  • Clean emissions and leftover
  • Clean syngas produced for alternative uses
 
Output
electricity and heat

Fuel
many kind of biomasses (animal sludges, urban sludges, chipped wood, urban wastes, agri wastes, industrial wastes, seaweed …) and other fuels like bituminous sands, tyres, wastes…

Quantity of fuel necessary
9.500 tons/year (chipped wood) at 35% humidity to produce 7.500.000 Kwh/year

Engine technology
gas engine with high efficiency

Reburning Gasifier

  • Substitutes up to 15% coal with biomass
  • Cleans Nox
  • Keeps coal and biomass ashes separate
 
Output
Gas rich of tar for reburning cycle in coal combustion furnace

Effects on Coal fed furnace
60% reduction of Nox, substitution up to 15% of the coal combusted with biomass or waste, increased efficiency

Fuel
many kinds of biomasses (animal sludges, urban sludges, chipped wood, urban wastes, agri wastes, industrial wastes, seaweed …) and other fuels like bituminous sands, tyres, wastes…

Timing
around 8 months from order confirmation, depending on size

Pyrolizer

  • Very good quality Diesel Gasoline produced
  • 0 emissions
  • Recyclable leftovers (brass from wires, steel from tyres, CHAR…)
  • Usable for car fluff
Output
Diesel Gasoline of car industry grade

Yearly production
900.000 litres of Diesel Gasoline suitable for cars (pirolisis of plastics), 330.000 liters of diesel (pirolisis of tyres)

Fuel
any kind of plastic material from hydrocarbon derivation, tyres

Technology
Ki Energy Pirolizer coupled with Fluidized Bed Gasifier

While developing a circular economy of carbon, Ixellion is planning to use Ki Energy’s technology for the recycling of carbon composite.